About three in five adults (6.8 million) rely on farming as source of income. This translates to 71% of Malagasy households. Only 9% of the adult population depends on farming to supplement their main income source indicating limited livelihood diversification. About 435 000 adults mainly rely on farm work and wages.
Of the 71% of households involved in farming, 18% are subsistence, 9% are commercial and 73% both consume and sell their produce. Most adults in Madagascar have a strong reliance on the informal sector. In this context, farming forms the cornerstone of most people?s livelihoods, providing people with the means to not only earn an income but also improve food security, productivity and ultimately transition from poverty.
However, while significant in this sense, farming remains for the most part small scale, informal and subsistence, on small pieces of land, and relying on limited infrastructure and very limited.