This study provides a broad overview of the status of rural and agricultural finance in Malawi, based on secondary sources and using a structure provided by FinMark Trust. Malawi is one of the poorest countries in the world, with 73.9% of the population living on less than $1.25/day. 39% of the population lives below the national poverty line, and 15% are classed as ultra-poor. The country has one of the highest population densities in Africa with 139 people per km2 and 84.6% live in rural areas. Agriculture dominates the economy, which regularly accounts for over 30% of GDP and was 79% of exports by value in 2010.