The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has a long standing history of migrant flows, and historically flows to and from Europe have been of particular importance. However, substantial political and economic upheavals from the 1990s onwards have been associated with major changes to the pattern of Congolese migration. Congolese emigrants increased in numbers, were increasingly undocumented, became less likely to return to DRC, and began to move to a greater variety of international destinations. In Europe and Africa respectively, France and South Africa became increasingly popular destination countries. While educated, wealthier Congolese are still more likely to migrate, since the 1990s political pressure has meant that emigrants have increasingly come from all social classes.
In light of these diverse migrant flows, this report has sought to obtain an understanding of the major global remittance corridors of the DRC, including the split between formal and informal channels, the value of funds sent and received, the regulatory environment, and the remittance product market. Information and data was obtained through a review of existing research on DRC migration and remitting patterns, as well as primary research interviews with senders and receivers of remittances domestically, the Congolese diaspora, and foreigners living in the DRC.